In the story, Love is a Fallacy,
many fallacies of logic are raised using real life examples, it is very interesting to read :)
I would like to list the fallacies of logic first and discuss them afterwards:
- Dicto Simpliciter - an argument based on an unqualified generalization
- Hasty Generalization - there are too few instances too support such a conclusion
- Post Hoc - it is a misconception when people think that, one thing occurs after another, it must have occurred as a result of it
- Contradictory Premises - there can be no argument when the premises of an argument contradict each other
- Ad Misericordiam - occurs when an appeal is made to pity or to one's sympathetic nature
- False Analogy - when the situations are altogether different, people cannot make a analogy between them
- Hypothesis Contrary to Fact - people cannot start with a hypothesis that is not true and then draw any supportable conclusions from it
- Poisoning the Well - when a person attempts to place an opponent in a position from which he or she is unable to reply
After reading all these fallacies, I realize that it is very important to look at a logic, analyze it, then come up your own conclusions. People should think rationally, look deep into a concept, think of what had been manipulated, concealed, or omitted, then decide whether it'll be worth it to believe something or someone.
In the article, when the main characters are discussing about the false analogy, they give an example of:
"Students should be allowed to look at their textbooks during examinations. After all surgeons have X-rays to guide them during an operation, lawyers have briefs to guide them during a trial, carpenters have blueprints to guide them when they are building a house. Why, then, shouldn't students be allowed to look at their textbook during an examination?"
It is a false analogy because all other people are not being tested of their abilities. However, I do think that sometimes, when doing tests like source analysis, in-class essay, case study, students should be allowed to look at their textbooks, just as in real life situations, information that is related to the task is always available, but it is a matter of how well individuals can apply the information to the task they are dealing with. Furthermore, good scores at school and success in the society are not proportional, students that can do well in their exams do not necessary know how to solve problems in their lives. The problem is, schools should give tests that are linked to real life situations, not just questions they are restricted in our textbooks.